Bioeconomy summarizes all economic sectors that are involved in the production, processing and use of biological resources (plants, animals, microorganisms) for the production of food and feed, the provision of biomass as resources and the production of bio-based chemicals and materials and bioenergy.
As a knowledge-based bioeconomy, a sustainable use of limited resources must be achieved by integrated application of knowledge about biological resources and processes. The economic, ecological and social aspects of sustainability are thereby also taken into account, for example to protect against the progression and adaption to climate change and demographic change.
Sustainable bioeconomy as a solution to the major challenges of the 21st century.
The vision of bioeconomy has already found its way into the strategic planning of leading nations worldwide. In Europe, not only member states of the EU but also the European Commission have made far-reaching commitments which can only be achieved by the implementation of bioeconomic processes, a significant increase in research in the key areas and through the interaction of these areas. Economy and science work together in nine European technology platforms in the KBBE family (Knowledge-Based Bioeconomy) and coordinate research strategies. The EU Commission identified bio-based products as one of six lead markets and is currently working with economics, science and politics to support a concept for implementing scientific knowledge in real markets by establishing suitable framework conditions. In Germany, five innovation areas of the federal government’s high-tech strategy (HTS) and two of the four focal subjects of the HTS on climate protection are directly associated with the research for a future bioeconomy. Established by the federal government in 2009, the national Bioeconomy Council should actively support the development of bioeconomy in Germany.